화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol.57, No.7, 783-791, 2019
Metal Free Acid-Mediated Solid-State Polymerization and Processability of Polymers Based on 3,4-Alkylenedioxythiophenes
The present article reports metal free acid-mediated polymerization of 3,4-alkylenedioxythiophenes in a solvent free medium and processability of insoluble polymers. It also describes structural variants and functional aqueous dispersions based on 3,4-alkylenedioxythiophenes. Polymers were processed by dispersing the insoluble polymer powders in aqueous media using polymeric aromatic surfactant (polystyrenesulfonate, PSS) and aliphatic surfactant (sodiumdodecylsulfonate, SDS), respectively. The effect of surfactant on particle size, stability, and conductivity of the dispersions was investigated in detail. Polymer particles in SDS-based dispersions tend to agglomerate which resulted enhanced conductivity of the thin films. Electrochemical studies revealed that the polymers are electroactive in nature and are transparent in oxidized state. The electrochromic contrast between the oxidized and reduced states of the polymers was in the range of 40-46%. (c) 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2019, 57, 783-791