Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.364, 539-547, 2019
An experimental and theoretical study of optimized selection and model reconstruction for ammonium nitrate pyrolysis
Ammonium nitrate (AN) is a commonly-used industrial raw material in industrial explosives and fertilizers areas. However, as an energetic material, its danger exists during the production, transportation, and storage, resulting in a large number of accidents involving personal injury and property loss. To obtain the accurate kinetic triplet parameters of AN thermal decomposition, a series of thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) experiments was conducted with four different heating rates. Activation energies were calculated by different isoconversional methods Then the kinetic triplet of AN pyrolysis was optimized using a combination of experimental and simulant methods. Combined with the traditional model-free and model-fitting approaches, the experimental kinetic model for AN pyrolysis was optimized and then reconstructed. Through the pyrolysis reaction of AN, a reliable methodology for processing TGA data of hazardous material is proposed in the paper, and the kinetic parameters can be accurately obtained by using such a kinetics method.