Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.365, 125-136, 2019
A green approach to fabricating nacre-inspired nanocoating for super efficiently fire-safe polymers via one-step self-assembly
Developing a high efficient, environmental-friendly and universal fire-safe strategy for combustible polymers is crucial but challengeable. Inspired by nacre, we developed a super-efficiently fire-safe nanocoating based on carboxymethyl chitosan (CCS) and modified montmorillonite (MMT) via one-step self-assembly. The nano coating possessed well-arranged nacre-like hierarchical microstructure, exhibiting high transparency and specific nacre-like iridescence. More importantly, the nanocoating endowed many large-scale polymer substrates, such as polyester film, cotton fabric and polyurethane foam, with super-efficient fire-safety by dip-coating or spray-coating. All the coated substrates were self-extinguished in the burning tests. Meanwhile, their heat release and smoke production were decreased remarkably. Most notably, the peak heat release rate, total heat release, peak smoke production rate and total smoke production of polyurethane foam were decreased by 84.1%, 89.4%, 84.4% and 95.2%, respectively. Additionally, no organic solvent, halogen and phosphorus element were involved, which was environmental-friendly. Our findings provide a super-efficient, economical, universal and green fabrication strategy for fire-safe polymers.