Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.537, 652-660, 2019
Facile synthesis of carbon nanotubes covalently modified with ZnO nanorods for enhanced photodecomposition of dyes Cheek
Utilizing a one-pot solvothermal procedure novel one-dimensional zinc oxide-carbon nanotube nanohybrids (ZnCT) were synthesized in alcohol-alkali solution, free of catalytic assistance. The ZnCT hybrids were prepared through covalent modification of zinc oxide nanorods (ZnO NRs) with functionalized carbon nanotubes (f-CNTs). The morphology and microstructure of as-prepared ZnCT hybrids were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction, Raman, X-ray photoelectron and UV-vis absorption spectroscopies. SEM images of the ZnCT hybrids indicated that the ZnOethanol NRs grew longer along the vertical radial (0 0 01) surface and aggregated to a lesser extent than the analogous ZnOmethanol NRs. Photodegradation analysis showed that the off-white ZnCTethanol hybrid with ascendant UV-visible light absorption had displayed superior photocatalytic activity towards Rhodamine B (RhB) dyes than either pure ZnOethanol, ZnOmethanol NRs or ZnCTmethanol hybrid, among which the photocatalytic activity of ZnOethanol NRs was better than that of ZnOmethanol NRs. Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses confirmed a strong interaction between f-CNTs and ZnOethonal NRs in ZnCTethanol ethanol hybrid, in which Zn ions were chemically bonded to negatively charged oxygencontaining groups at the graphene-like surface of f-CNTs. The enhanced separation lifetime of the photogenerated electron-hole observed by surface photovoltage and photocurrent measurements of the ZnCT(ethanol)hybrid was attributed to the efficient covalent linking of Zn-O-C and close contact configuration between the f-CNTs and ZnOethonal NRs. Further controlled photodegradation and electron spin resonance (ESR) analyses revealed that the photodegradation of RhB dyes resulted from photogenerated holes, and radical species, such as O-center dot(2-), (OH-)-O-center dot , which were formed in-situ. Details of the photocatalytic mechanism were also explored herein. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.