Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.537, 306-315, 2019
Ultra-efficient electromagnetic wave absorption with ethanol-thermally treated two-dimensional Nb2CTx nanosheets
Nb2CTx, an emerging type of MXene, should be a promising electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorbing material to overcome the EMW pollution nowadays due to its unique layered structure and extremely thin monolayer thickness, but was lack of systematic study till now. Meanwhile, Nb2CTx nanosheets obtained upon HF etching of Nb2AlC MAX was unfortunately found with limited absorption performance due to its mainly dielectric loss mechanism herein. Therefore, the Nb2CTx nanosheets were further treated with solvothermal strategy in various solvents. As a result, the absorption performance of the astreated Nb2CTx nanosheets could be significantly improved, while the ones in ethanol showed much more superior absorption capability, especially in the low-frequency band (2.0-4.0 GHz). The minimum reflection loss value could reach -52.2 dB at 3.93 GHz with the thickness of only 2.90 mm, indicating more than 99.999% EMW was absorbed. These should be due to the multi-loss mechanism including dielectric, interfacial, and multiple reflection ones resulting from the enlarged interlayer spacing, and increased surface functional groups on the Nb2CTx nanosheets upon the ethanol-based solvothermal treatment. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.