Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.539, 400-413, 2019
Efficient removal of heavy metal ions and organic dyes with cucurbit  uril-functionalized chitosan
The development of a high-efficiency adsorption material is important for the simultaneous elimination of heavy metal ions and organic pollutants from wastewater. In the present work, a novel material was synthesized by grafting functionalized cucurbit  uril (CB) onto chitosan (CS) chains via a C-N-C covalent bond (CB-CS). This as-prepared material presented an unprecedented adsorption capacity. The maximum adsorption capacities (q(m)) were 1622.7 mg/g, 1172.7 mg/g, 1361.9 mg/g and 873.6 mg/g for the adsorption of reactive orange 5 (RO5), acidic blue 25 (AB25), reactive yellow 145 (RY145) and Pb2+ ions, respectively, which are far higher than the reported data. The simultaneous co-adsorption of dye and a heavy metal ion was tested with a mixed solution of 200 mg/L RO5 dye and Pb2+ ion, and the removal rates were 97% and 70% for RO5 and Pb2+, respectively. The adsorption mechanism was explored by means of the IR spectrum and the UV-vis diffuse reflection spectrum (DRS) together with theoretical calculations. The adsorption of dyes was mainly driven by the strong interaction between dye molecules and the hydrophobic cavity of CB, and the Pb2+ adsorption was mainly driven by the coordination of Pb2+ with the carbonyl of the CB port and the amino group of chitosan. The ultrahigh adsorption capacity allows the use of CB-CS as potential adsorbent for the simultaneous removal of heavy metal ions and organic dyes from aqueous solution. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.