화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.540, 322-329, 2019
Contact-line fluctuations and dynamic wetting
Hypothesis: The thermal fluctuations of the three-phase contact line formed between a liquid and a solid at equilibrium can be used to determine key parameters that control dynamic wetting. Methods: We use large-scale molecular dynamics simulations and Lennard-Jones potentials to model a liquid bridge between two molecularly smooth solid surfaces and study the positional fluctuations of the contact lines so formed as a function of the solid-liquid interaction. Findings: We show that the fluctuations have a Gaussian distribution and may be modelled as an overdamped one-dimensional Langevin oscillator. Our analysis allows us to extract the coefficients of friction per unit length of the contact lines zeta, which arise from the collective interaction of the contact-line's constituent liquid atoms with each other and the solid surface. We then compare these coefficients with those obtained by measuring the dynamic contact angle as a function of contact-line speed in independent simulations and applying the molecular-kinetic theory of dynamic wetting. We find excellent agreement between the two, with the same dependence on solid-liquid interaction and, therefore, the equilibrium contact angle theta(0). As well as providing further evidence for the underlying validity of the molecular-kinetic model, our results suggest that it should be possible to predict the dynamics of wetting and, in particular, the velocity-dependence of the local, microscopic dynamic contact angle, by experimentally measuring the fluctuations of the contact line of a capillary system at equilibrium. This would circumvent the need to measure the microscopic dynamic contact angle directly. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.