Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.126, No.6, 697-704, 2018
Evaluation of beta-galactosidase from Lactobacillus acidophilus as biocatalyst for galacto-oligosaccharides synthesis: Product structural characterization and enzyme immobilization
beta-Galactosidase is an important industrial enzyme that catalyzes reaction of lactose hydrolysis and recently more interesting reaction of transgalactosylation, yielding a highly valuable group of prebiotic compounds named galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS). In this paper, parameters for achieving high yields of tailor-made GOS using crude beta-galactosidase obtained from Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356, probiotic bacteria regarded as safe for human consumption, were optimized. At the same time, detailed structural elucidation of obtained GOS was conducted, and it was concluded that beta-galactosidase from L acidophilus shows a particular specificity towards the formation of beta-(1 -> 6) glycosidic bonds. In order to develop more stable and economically cost-effective preparation, crude enzyme was successfully immobilized on a methacrylic polymer carrier Lifetech ECR8409, leading to its simultaneous 2-fold purification. This immobilized preparation showed unchanged specificity towards the transgalactosylation reaction, thus yielding 86 WI GOS under the previously optimized conditions (lactose concentration 400 g/l in 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer, pH 6.8 and temperature 50 degrees C). (C) 2018, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.
Keywords:beta-Galactosidase;Immobilization;Lactobacillus acidophilus;Galacto-oligosaccharides;Lifetech ECR resins