Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol.32, No.23, 2604-2616, 2018
Adhesion of dual-polymerized luting cement on superficial and deep dentin using different one-step self-etch mild adhesive systems
This study evaluated adhesion of dual-polymerized resin cement to superficial dentin (SD) and deep dentin (DD) using one-step self-etch adhesives at varying pH. After smear layer was created on third molars (N = 60, n = 15 per group), adhesive resins, 1- Clearfil S3 Bond Plus-CBP (Kuraray) (pH: 2.3), 2- Bisco All Bond Universal-BAU (Bisco) (pH: 3.2), 3- Single Bond Universal Adhesive-SBU (3M ESPE) (pH: 2.7), 4- Nova Compo-B Plus-NCBP (Imicryl) (pH: 2.5-3), were applied on SD and DD. Resin cement (Variolink II, Ivoclar Vivadent) was adhered incrementally on the SD surfaces using polyethylene molds and photo-polymerized for 40 s from 5 directions (output: 1200 mw/cm(2)). After macroshear and microshear test, in order to achieve DD specimens, SD were removed 1 mm in the pulp direction and the same bonding and test procedures were performed. The specimens were kept at 37 degrees C for 24 h. The adhesion tests were conducted in the Universal Testing Machine and failure types were analyzed. The data were analyzed using Univariate ANOVA, Tukey`s, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (alpha = .05). Test method, dentin level and the adhesive resin significantly affected the results (MPa) (p < .05). After macroshear test, more incidences of cohesive failures in DD were observed with NCBP Plus. On SD, NCBP presented the highest results followed by BAU using macroshear test. On DD, NCBP presented the highest results followed by SBU. Not only the pH but the chemical composition affected adhesion especially to SD while in DD, the difference between the adhesive resins was less significant.