International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.8, 4114-4122, 2019
Montmorillonite-hybridized g-C3N4 composite modified by NiCoP cocatalyst for efficient visible-light-driven photocatalytic hydrogen evolution by dye-sensitization
The photocatalytic hydrogen evolution performance of g-C3N4 was enhanced via the hybridization with montmorillonite (MMT) and using NiCoP as cocatalyst. The highest hydrogen-evolution rate from water splitting under visible-light irradiation observed over MMT/g-C3N4/15%NiCoP was 12.50 mmol g(-1) h(-1) under 1.0 mmol L-1 of Eosin Y-sensitization at pH of 11, which was similar to 26.0 and 1.6 times higher than that of MMT/g-C3N4 (0.48 mmol g(-1) h(-1)) and g-C3N4/15%NiCoP (7.69 mmol g(-1) h(-1)). The apparent quantum yield at 420 nm reached 40.3%. The remarkably improved photocatalytic activity can be ascribed to the increased dispersion of g-C3N4 layers, staggered conduction band potentials between g-C3N4 and NiCoP, as well as the electrostatic repulsion originated from negatively charged MMT. This work demonstrates that MMT can be an outstanding support for the deposition of catalytically active components for photocatalytic hydrogen production. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.