International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.131, 31-40, 2019
Study on water flash evaporation under reduced pressure
In this paper, we conducted experimental and theoretical studies for water flash evaporation. We presented a typical flashing experimental system as well as a method for dynamic measurement of flashing mass. On the basis of the experimental results, we developed a one-dimensional mathematical model of flash evaporation as well as a numerical solution method. The model systematically described four major physical processes: gas outflow resulting from depressurization, mild evaporation, flash evaporation, and updated flashing chamber pressure and gas components. We applied Stefan's law to capture the characteristics of water vaporization during mild evaporation. We proposed a thermal follow-up coefficient to evaluate the transient superheat degree of the liquid water in the flashing process. Further analysis indicated that this coefficient had a significant functional relationship with the depressurization rate. We treated the gas in the flashing chamber as an ideal gas and then described the gas outflow and the updated pressure and gas composition with ideal gas thermodynamic equations. We validated the performance of the model in predicting water-flashing temperature and mass under reduced pressure against the experimental results. To better understand the mechanisms associated with the flash evaporation and develop controllable flash technology, we also conducted a parametric study in which we addressed the effects of the gas outlet diameter, the initial pressure, and temperature on the flashing process. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.