Fuel, Vol.235, 485-494, 2019
Effect of burst disk parameters on the release of high-pressure hydrogen
Hydrogen is regarded as an alternative energy carrier in the next decades and high-pressure hydrogen storage is treated as the best option. However, unexpected spontaneous ignition would occur during high-pressure hydrogen sudden release, which induces a severe safety issue. For improving the safety application of hydrogen, an experimental investigation has been conducted. Different diameter ring gaskets are employed to change the opening ratio chi. Pressure transducers and light sensors are used to record the pressure variation and possible light signals inside the tube, respectively. It is found that the burst disk is unable to fully open during high-pressure hydrogen release when chi < 1, resulting in forming a convergent nozzle. This structure leads to the speed reduction for supersonic flow. Consequently, the speed of shock and shock overpressure inside the tube reduce significantly. The spontaneous ignition cannot be initiated even though the initial pressure ratio is as high as 90 when chi <= 1/2. The minimum initial pressure ratio required for spontaneous ignition increases to 64.1 when chi = 2/3. The flame is dimmer for small opening ratio cases. The shock overpressure outside the tube is reduced significantly, which decreases the damage to the facilities and humans to a large extent.