Electrochimica Acta, Vol.296, 142-148, 2019
One-step synthesis of hierarchical SnO2/TiO2 composite hollow microspheres as an efficient scattering layer for dye-sensitized solar cells
Hierarchical SnO2/TiO2 composite hollow microspheres were synthesized via one-step hydrothermal route by using titanium tetrabutoxide as titanium source and potassium stannate and tripolycyanamide as co-additive, and the samples were characterized by XRD, BET, SEM and TEM measurements. The results denoted that the synthesized microspheres with a diameter of ca 500-1000 nm were assembled by thin nanosheets and possessed a large surface area of 199.3 m(2) g(-1). In addition, EDX and element mapping measurements indicated that a small amount of SnO2 nanoparticles uniformly distributed among the nanosheets of microspheres. The hierarchical microspheres simultaneously facilitated dye adsorption, light harvesting, and electron transport, giving rise to a high photovoltaic conversion efficiency of 8.70% when applied as scattering layer for dye-sensitized solar cells, which was a 28.1% improvement compared to that of bare nanocrystalline TiO2 (6.79%, Dyesol) based cell. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.