Electrochimica Acta, Vol.299, 820-827, 2019
An in-situ polymerized solid polymer electrolyte enables excellent interfacial compatibility in lithium batteries
Due to the ex-situ assembly technology of solid-state electrolyte, solid-state lithium batteries commonly show a poor electrolyte/electrode interfacial contact. Herein, we report an in-situ polymerized poly (tetrahydrofuran) (PTHF)-based solid polymer electrolyte (PTSPE) to resolve the poor interfacial contact problem in solid state lithium batteries. The in-situ formed PTSPE exhibits a high ionic conductivity (2.3 x 10(-4) S cm(-1)) and a wide electrochemical window (4.5 V) at 60 degrees C. More importantly, the in-situ formed PTSPE improves interfacial compatibility remarkably, suppressing the growth of lithium dendrites. It is revealed that boron trifluoride initiator works as functional additive to form LiF and B-O species at interface layer of lithium metal anode, alleviating lithium dendrites growth and undesired parasitic reactions. An as-assembled LiFePO4/Li cell employing this in-situ formed PTSPE delivers a high discharge capacity of 142.3 mA h g(-1) even after 100 cycles. The aforementioned results suggest that the in-situ polymerization technology of solid-state electrolyte is very promising for high-performance solid-state lithium batteries. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.