Current Applied Physics, Vol.19, No.2, 102-107, 2019
Resistive switching functional quantum-dot light-emitting diodes
This study demonstrates quantum-dot light-emitting diodes (QD-LEDs) with a function of resistive switching memory, capable of on/off operation at the same driving current depending on reset/set state. The QD-LEDs were fabricated by spin-coating process and experienced two different annealing conditions, which yielded defective or less-defective V2O5-x layer. One of the annealing conditions produced QD-LEDs with the unusual electrical behaviors of negative differential resistance (NDR), capacitance oscillation, and voltage-current hysteresis curves, signifying so-called resistive switching characteristics. X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopies were used to examine the chemical state of the differently annealed V2O5-x layers. The less stoichiometric V2O5-x layer was found to be responsible for the resistive switching behaviors of the NDR and the low and high resistance states (LRS and HRS, respectively). We discuss the LRS/HRS of V2O5-x for resistive switching in terms of a conducive filament effect, induced by microstructural changes caused by oxygen drift and vacancy annihilation processes in the high defect density V2O5-x layer.