Current Applied Physics, Vol.19, No.4, 491-497, 2019
Comments on frequency dependent AC conductivity in polymeric materials at low frequency regime
The AC conductivity response in a broad frequency range of disordered materials is of great interest not only for technological applications, but also from a theoretical point of view. The Jonscher's power exponent value, and its temperature dependence, is a very important parameter in dielectric data analysis as well as the physical interpretation of conduction mechanisms in disordered materials. In some cases the power exponent of AC conductivity has been reported to be greater than 1 at the low frequency regime. This fact seems to contradict the universal dynamic response. The present work focuses on the analysis of dielectric spectroscopy measurements in polymeric materials, below similar to 100 MHz. The apparent power exponent n gets values in the range 0 < n < 1 and is directly related to the characteristics of mobile charges at shorter time scales, in the case of the occurrence of DC conduction and the slowest polarization mechanism that is due to the charge motions within sort length scales, in log epsilon ''-log omega plot. The emergence of apparent n values in the range 1 <= n <= 2, for a relatively narrow frequency range, may be attributed to an additional molecular dipolar relaxation contribution at higher frequencies, in log epsilon ''-log omega plot. The appearance of apparent n values in the range 1 < n <= 2, can be assigned to the existence of a well defined minimum between DC conductivity contribution and a molecular dipolar dispersion or between two well separated dielectric loss mechanisms, in log epsilon ''-log omega plots, above the crossover frequency. In these latter cases, the apparent power exponent n is merely related to the Havriliak-Negami equation shape parameters of the higher frequencies molecular dipolar relaxations.