Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.355, 309-319, 2019
Ultra-high surface area and nitrogen-rich porous carbons prepared by a low-temperature activation method with superior gas selective adsorption and outstanding supercapacitance performance
Ultra-high surface area and nitrogen-rich porous carbons are prepared via a low-temperature and one-pot N-doping method. The obtained carbons exhibited large surface area of 2965.7 m(2) g(-1) and high N-doping level of 6.6 at%, endowing them as efficient gas-mixture selective adsorbents and excellent supercapacitor electrodes. By optimizing the ratio of porogen/carbon or activation temperature, the as-prepared N-rich microporous carbons possessed outstanding mixed-gas selectivities of CO2/N-2 (77.9), CO2/CH4 (12.8), and CH4/N-2 (4.9) at 298 K and 1 bar. Furthermore, three samples with almost identical surface properties were successfully prepared by judicious selection of activation conditions, thus the favorable effect of pyrrole/pyridine (N-5) species on gas-mixture separation could be clearly demonstrated. Moreover, as supercapacitor electrodes, the N-doped materials displayed extremely high supercapacitance of 350.2 F g(-1) at a current density of 0.5 A g(-1) in a 6 M KOH electrolyte solution with superior rate retention of 74.2% at 10 A g(-1) and 98% capacitance retention after 8000 cycles.