Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.357, 533-546, 2019
Photocatalytic oxidation of volatile organic compounds for indoor environment applications: Three different scaled setups
Ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation process (UV-PCO) is a promising approach for removing indoor volatile organic compound (VOC). Although the adequate efficiency of PCO in laboratory conditions has been proven, the application of PCO in VOCs degradation has been greatly hindered in large-scale applications. The effect of scaling up and real conditions cause some limitations for large-scale systems. Based on our knowledge, despite extensive published research on PCO of TiO2-based photocatalysts in bench-scale setups, there is a lack of studies regarding the effects of scaling up and by-product generation in pilot and full-scale setups. The main objective of this study is to investigate the scaling effect on toluene and isobutanol removal efficiency and by-product generation in conditions close to the real application. For this purpose, three test setups i.e., full, pilot, and bench-scale, were employed to investigate the PCO removal of VOC pollutants in the gas phase. Also, the effect of light type on the performance of PCO was examined in the pilot and full-scale. A brief description of three setups is presented, followed by experimental results and discussions about the difference between each setup. The PCO efficiency and by-product generation rate are evaluated in conditions close to the real application, considering low-level contaminant concentration, small residence time, and high flow rate. The relative humidity for all experiments is kept in the comfort zone (RH similar to 50 +/- 5%). The performance of vacuum UV (VUV) photolysis and VUV-PCO in pilot and full-scales, and UVC-PCO in all three scales, are compared and discussed.