Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.362, 576-587, 2019
Microwave-anion-exchange route to ultrathin cobalt-nickel-sulfide nanosheets for hybrid supercapacitors
The emergence of graphene-like 2D nanostructures has stimulated tremendous attention due to their fascinating physicochemical properties and promising applications in the field of energy conversion and storage. Herein, we report a gram-scale synthesis of non-layered ultrathin CoNi2S4 nanosheets via microwave-assisted liquid-phase growth of layered double hydroxide precursor poste-sulfurized at room-temperature, the method is time-saving and scalable for massive production. The CoNi2S4 nanosheets exhibit a micron-sized planar area, ultrathin thickness (similar to 2 nm) and mesoporous feature. When loaded on flexible carbon cloth for electrochemical capacitor, the CoNi2S4 nanosheets deliver a high specific capacitance of 247 mAh g(-1) at 8 A g(-1) with an excellent rate capability of 91% from 1 to 20 A g(-1). Remarkably, as a positive electrode material for hybrid supercapacitor, CoNi2S4 nanosheets demonstrate excellent electrochemical performances with a high energy density of 67.7 Wh kg(-1) at a power density of 0.8 kW kg(-1). Even at an extreme power density of 9.6 kW kg(-1), the energy density is still as high as 50.6 Wh kg(-1) with a robust long-term cycling stability up to 10,000 cycles. Such results are among the best even superior to those reported for nickel-cobalt-sulfide-based materials used as positive electrode for hybrid supercapacitors.