화학공학소재연구정보센터
Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.363, 120-132, 2019
Tailoring the structural properties of simultaneously reduced and functionalized graphene oxide via alkanolamine(s)/alkyl alkanolamine for energy storage applications
Herein, we report a simple hydrothermal approach for the simultaneous reduction and functionalization of graphene oxide (GO) employing three different types of alkanolamine(s)/alkyl alkanolamine (monoethanolamine (MEA), triethanolamine (TEA) and N,N-diethylethanolamine (DEEA) without using any external reductant/surfactant. The simultaneous reduction and functionalization of GO was evidenced by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses. Interestingly, the simultaneous reduction and functionalization of MEA, TEA and DEEA molecules on GO resulted in stabilized reduced graphene oxide (rGO) structures with enhanced surface area for rGO-MEA (967m(2)/g), rGO-TEA (881m(2)/g) and rGO-DEEA (430m(2)/g) compared to that of non-functionalized rGO (376m(2)/g). Furthermore, the differences in the capacitive performances of functionalized rGO(s) have been investigated in terms of different surface chemistry, surface area, graphitic character and conductivity. Among all the as-synthesized functionalized rGO(s), rGO-TEA exhibited improved specific capacitance (827F/g at 1A/g), long cycling stability, high coulombic efficiency and high energy/power density, demonstrating their potential for supercapacitor applications.