Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.97, No.1, 323-329, 2019
Effects of hydrothermal dewatering of lignite on rheology of coal water slurry
Maximizing the dry-based solid loading of coal particles in water is essential in increasing the burning efficiency of coal water slurry, which has been widely used as a liquid fuel. Understanding the rheology of coal water slurry could provide fundamental guidance on designing and optimizing coal water slurry formulation. The rheological studies have shown that coal water slurries made with lignite samples after hydrothermal dewatering (HTD) exhibit a stronger shear thinning behaviour as compared with those made with raw lignite samples. The viscosity of coal water slurry at the shear rate of 100 s(-1) decreases with an increasing HTD temperature, which is probably due to the decrease of volume of lignite particles caused by the permanent reduction of both bound and non-freezable water (inherent moisture) after the HTD process. The reduction of the inherent moisture of lignite samples after HTD treatment was elucidated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under the temperature well below the freezing point. A lignite water slurry with a solid loading of 62 wt% db (dry basis) is obtained after hydrothermal dewatering at 300 degrees C with the addition of 1.2 wt% of polycarboxylate ether (PCE). Our findings indicated that hydrothermal dewatering of lignite has profound impacts on the inherent moisture of lignite and the rheological properties of coal water slurry.