Bioresource Technology, Vol.271, 75-83, 2019
Co-hydrothermal carbonization of corn stalk and swine manure: Combustion behavior of hydrochar by thermogravimetric analysis
The combustion behavior of the hydrochar from co-hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of corn stalk (CS) and swine manure (SM) was thermogravimetrically investigated. Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) were used for kinetic analysis, and the thermodynamic parameters were determined. Results showed that HTC decreased the combustion property and stability of SM, while co-HTC with CS significantly improved the combustion performance of the hydrochar including the increased ignition temperature and decreased burnout temperature. HTC of SM decreased the average activation energy (E-a) value from 140.40 and 137.31 KJ/mol to 124.40 and 120.17 KJ/mol by FWO and KAS, respectively, and increasing proportion of CS during co-HTC increased the E-a value of the hydrochar to 141.53-171.23 and 138.35-169.66 KJ/mol, respectively. The thermodynamic parameters confirmed the enhanced combustion reactivity of the hydrochar from co-HTC of CS and SM. These findings demonstrated that co-HTC with CS benefited the hydrochar production from SM with improved combustion performance.