Bioresource Technology, Vol.271, 30-36, 2019
Development of Aurantiochytrium limacinum SR21 cultivation using salt-rich waste feedstock for docosahexaenoic acid production and application of natural colourant in food product
Microalgae biorefinery is presently receiving a lot of attention as driven by its production of high value-added products. In this study, an oleaginous microalga Aurantiochytrium limacinum SR21 was cultured for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) production using 20% (w/v) of K2HPO4-waste feedstock to replace 0.005% (w/v) of KH2PO4 in the flask culture. DHA is an essential nutrient for human's brain functionalities. Collectively, the K2HPO4-waste feedstock with working concentration of 0.005% (w/v) in the cultivation prompted a higher lipid content (8.29%) and DHA production (128.81 mg.L-1). Moreover, natural plant pigment products containing stabilised betacyanins were utilised as natural red colourants for hard candy production. This study develops microalgal cultivation using salt-rich waste feedstock for a higher lipid and DHA content as well as application of natural colouring agents in food products.