Bioresource Technology, Vol.272, 249-258, 2019
Solar binary chemical depolymerization of lignin for efficient production of small molecules and hydrogen
In this paper, solar binary chemical depolymerization, that is Solar Thermal Electrochemical Process (STEP), was implemented for an effective breaking of lignin into small molecules and hydrogen. Compared with the conventional unitary chemical thermolysis, solar binary chemical depolymerization of lignin has high efficiencies of the liquefaction and gasification with the low coke, and accompanied by the abundant production of hydrogen. And the reaction temperature of the STEP process was greatly lowered by an intervention of the electrolysis. The results showed that the total conversion and liquefaction of the lignin yielded 87.22% and 57.72% under a constant current of 0.4 A at 340 degrees C. Further characterizations show that lignin has been successfully decomposed into small molecules with high added-value and hydrogen by a combination of the thermolysis and electrolysis. And the particle size of aggregates and the color degree in the lignin aqueous solution was obviously decreased after the STEP process.