Bioresource Technology, Vol.272, 241-248, 2019
Biomass gasification for hydrogen rich gas in a decoupled triple bed gasifier with olivine and NiO/olivine
Catalytic steam gasification of biomass has been carried out in decoupled triple bed gasification (DTBG) system which consists of pyrolyzer, reformer and combustor. Olivine and NiO/olivine used as in-situ tar destruction catalyst. The result shows the gasification system with catalytic bed materials allows an option to improve tar removal that enhances H-2 production. A gas yield of 1.59 Nm(3)/kg daf with H-2 concentration of 56.1 vol% and tar content as low as 0.6 g/Nm(3) has been achieved with the presence of NiO/olivine. Olivine and NiO/olivine reduced tar yield by 55% and 94% respectively compared to quartz. Gas yield, tar removal efficiency and water conversion enhanced by higher reformer temperature. The longer residences time of catalyst in reformer leads in-situ reduction of olivine and NiO/olivine that adds up in-situ tar reforming. Particularly, in-situ reduction of NiO to metallic Ni enhances tar and CH4 reforming reaction.