Bioresource Technology, Vol.272, 209-216, 2019
Development of an advanced integrative process to create valuable biosugars including manno-oligosaccharides and mannose from spent coffee grounds
Spent coffee grounds (SCG) or coffee residue wastes (CRW) provide excellent raw material for mannose and bioethanol production. In this study, SCG were used to produce valuable biosugars, including oligosaccharides (OSs), manno-oligosaccharides (MOSs), mannose, and bioethanol. SCG were subjected to delignification and defatting, producing SCG-derived polysaccharides. Two-stage enzymatic hydrolysis (short- and long-term) was performed to produce short- chain manno-oligosaccharides (MOSs) and monosaccharides (MSs), respectively. From 100 g dry weight (DW) amounts of SCG, approximately 77 g delignified SCG and 61 g SCG-derived polysaccharides, amounts of 15.9 g of first biosugars (mostly MOSs), 25.6 g of second biosugars (mostly MSs), and 3.1 g of bioethanol, were recovered. This technique may aid in the production of high-value mannose and OSs from SCG and other lignocellulosic biomasses that contain specific polysaccharides.