Bioresource Technology, Vol.273, 462-467, 2019
Rapid reformation of larger aerobic granular sludge in an internal-circulation membrane bioreactor after long-term operation: Effect of short-time aeration
The investigation aimed at revealing the influence of an external disturbance on the rapid reformation of larger aerobic granular sludge (AGS) in an internal-circulation membrane bioreactor (IC-MBR) after long-term operation. The used IC-MBR was continuously operated well for more than one year, in which, the biomass was still in the state of AGS with a balanced average size at around 200 mu m and an even size distribution. By providing short-time aeration to the biomass within this bioreactor, the characteristics of biomass were totally changed in a very short time, including the surface hydrophilicity, physic-chemical properties, and the structure of microbial community, which created suitable conditions for the growth of filamentous bacteria (Saccharibacteria). Such a variation was very beneficial to the reformation of larger AGS, which resulted in the average size of AGS increased to nearly 400 mu m with a compact structure and clear edge in no more than one month.