Bioresource Technology, Vol.273, 394-403, 2019
Effects and mechanisms of ultrasound- and alkali-assisted enzymolysis on production of water-soluble yeast beta-glucan
This study investigated the effects and related mechanisms of ultrasound- and alkali-assisted enzymolysis on production of water-soluble yeast j3-glucan (WSYG). Results indicated that ultrasound and alkali pretreatments reduced the particle size of yeast j3-glucan (YG) from 8.80 pm to 1.77 and 7.19 pm, respectively. Ultrasound induced cavitation disrupted YG aggregates to a coarse appearance and exposed internal structure. Alkali penetrated into YG particles and broke the YG aggregates into a flake-like morphology by cleaving the linkages within YG chains. Both pretreatments facilitated enzymolysis by enlarging the YG surface area and increased the WSYG yield to 32.3% and 36.2%, respectively. Meanwhile, the purity of WSYG reached 98.8% after zymoprotein removal by DEAE-Sepharose fast flow column. This work not only provides a green method for producing high purity and high-yield WSYG, but also reveals the mechanisms of ultrasound and alkali pretreatments for improving enzymolysis efficiency by loosening the YG structure and increasing the surface area.