Bioresource Technology, Vol.275, 368-374, 2019
Characterization of solvent-fractionated lignins from woody biomass treated via supercritical water oxidation
Crude supercritical lignin (SCL) extracted from hardwood (Quercus mongolica) treated via supercritical water (SCW) oxidation was subjected to sequential fractionation with four organic solvents; five lignin fractions (F1 - F4 and F-IN) were thus obtained. The molecular weight (MW) of the fractionated lignins gradually increased as fractionation proceeded. However, the content of methoxyl groups and phenolic hydroxyl groups tended to decrease with increasing molecular weight of the lignins. The functional groups of SCL and the fractionated lignins were very similar based on Fourier- transform infrared analysis. The syringyl/guaiacyl ratio (S/G ratio) of the fractionated lignins increased with an increase in the MW. The thermal stability decreased with decreasing MW of the fractionated lignins, and all fractions except for F1 had a maximum degradation temperature of around 360 degrees C. The glass transition temperature (T-g) of the fractions increased from 83 degrees C to 137 degrees C with increasing MW.