Bioresource Technology, Vol.276, 236-243, 2019
Bacterial community shift and antibiotics resistant genes analysis in response to biodegradation of oxytetracycline in dual graphene modified bioelectrode microbial fuel cell
This study explored the biodegradation mechanisms of oxytetracycline (OTC/O) and electrochemical characteristics from the perspective of bacterial community shift and OTC resistance genes in dual graphene modified bioelectrode microbial fuel cell (O-D-GM-BE MFC). In phylum level, Proteobacteria was accounted to 95.04% in O-GM-BA, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were accounted to 59.13% and 20.52% in O-GM-BC, which were beneficial for extracellular electron transport (EET) process and OTC biodegradation. In genus level, the most dominant bacteria in O-GM-BA were Salmonella and Trabulsiella, accounting up to 83.04%, moreover, representative exoelectrogens (Geobacter) were enriched, which contributed to OTC biodegradation and electrochemical performances; abundant degrading bacteria (Moheibacter, Comamonas, Pseudomonas, Dechloromonas, Nitrospira, Methylomicrobium, Pseudorhodoferax, Thiobacillus, Mycobacterium) were enriched in O-GM-BC, which contributed to the maximum removal efficiency of OTC; coding resistance genes of efflux pump, ribosome protective protein and modifying or passivating were all found in O-GM-BE, and this explained the OTC removal mechanisms from gene level.