Bioresource Technology, Vol.276, 204-210, 2019
Anaerobic digestion performance of concentrated municipal sewage by forward osmosis membrane: Focus on the impact of salt and ammonia nitrogen
Sewage can become a valuable source if its treatment is re-oriented. Forward osmosis (FO) is an effective pretreatment for concentrating solutions. A laboratory-scale anaerobic digestion (AD) bioreactor was setup for the treatment of concentrated real sewage by FO membrane to investigate the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biogas production. Inhibitory batch tests were carried out for the impact of NaCl and NH4+-N. Results showed that the concentrated sewage could be purified with 80% COD removal, and energy recovery could be achieved. But the process was inhibited. The results of inhibitory batch test showed that (i) when the NH4+-N concentration was lower (< 200 mg/L), the biogas production was promoted, when it went high, the inhibition appeared; (ii) single existence of NaCl had negative influence on methane production; (iii) the inhibition was more severe with co-existence of NaCl and NH4+-N. The AD performance could be recovered via sludge acclimation.