Bioresource Technology, Vol.276, 18-27, 2019
A systematic comparison of the potential of microalgae-bacteria and purple phototrophic bacteria consortia for the treatment of piggery wastewater
This study evaluated the performance of two open-photobioreactors operated with microalgae-bacteria (PBRAB) and purple photosynthetic bacteria (PBR-PPB) consortia during the treatment of diluted (5%) piggery wastewater (PWW) at multiple hydraulic retention times (HRT). At a HRT of 10.6 days, PBR-AB provided the highest removal efficiencies of nitrogen, phosphorus and zinc (87 +/- 2, 91 +/- 3 and 98 +/- 1%), while the highest organic carbon removals were achieved in PBR-PPB (87 +/- 4%). The decrease in HRT from 10.6, to 7.6 and 4.1 day caused a gradual deterioration in organic carbon and nitrogen removal, but did not influence the removal of phosphorus and Zn in both photobioreactors. The decrease in HRT caused a severe wash-out of microalgae in PBR-AB and played a key role in the structure of bacterial population in both photobioreactors. In addition, batch biodegradation tests at multiple PWW dilutions (5, 10 and 15%) confirmed the slightly better performance of algal-bacterial systems regardless of PWW dilution.