Bioresource Technology, Vol.277, 11-17, 2019
Strengthening mass transfer of carbon dioxide microbubbles dissolver in a horizontal tubular photo-bioreactor for improving microalgae growth
A CO2 microbubbles dissolver (CMD) was developed to facilitate dissolving inorganic carbon and strengthening mass transfer in a horizontal tubular photo-bioreactor system (HTPBRS), which enhanced microalgae biomass productivity with flue gas containing 15% CO2. The influence of pump power on the bubble formation and mixing effect was found to be more obvious than that of gas flow rate. Ceramic shell aerator was more favorable for reducing bubble diameter and enhancing mass transfer than traditional rubber strip aerator. Bubble formation time decreased by 53.4% and mixing time decreased by 68.9% in response to the increased pump power. When the base area ratio of ceramic shell aerator to dissolver in the HTPBRS increased, bubble formation time decreased by 19.6% and mass transfer coefficient increased by 80.9%. The biomass yield of microalgae Chlorella PY-ZU1 with ceramic shell aerator was 30% higher than that with rubber strip aerator in the HTPBRS.