Biomass & Bioenergy, Vol.120, 339-349, 2019
Production and characterization of H2S and PO43- carbonaceous adsorbents from anaerobic digested fibers
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is an important technology to produce biogas from dairy manure. Although the AD of dairy manure results in the harnessing of the energy contained in manure, most of the nutrients (phosphorous and nitrogen) remain in the liquid effluent, representing an important source of pollution. Additionally, the biogas produced contains H2S and CO2, limiting its practical use as fuel. In this paper, we report the production and use of a carbonaceous adsorbent from AD fibers for the removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from biogas and phosphate (PO43-) from aqueous liquid effluents. The adsorbents studied were produced via slow pyrolysis between 350 and 800 degrees C followed by CO2 activation. The elemental and proximate analyses, surface area and pore size distribution of each of the adsorbents studied are reported. Their adsorption capacities were assessed using H2S breakthrough and PO43- batch equilibrium tests. The sorption capacity varied between 21.9 and 51.2 mg g(-1) for H2S and between 4.9 mg g(-1) and 37.4 mg g(-1) for PO43-. Commercially available activated carbon studied adsorbed 23.1 mg g(-1) H2S and 15.7 mg g(-1) PO43-. The results show that the retention of H2S and PO43- compounds were governed by the ash content, surface area and pH. Adsorption mechanisms for H2S and PO43- sorption are proposed.