Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.506, No.1, 298-305, 2018
Inhibition of TRAF3 expression alleviates cardiac ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury: A mechanism involving in apoptosis, inflammation and oxidative stress
Ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury is known as a major issue in cardiac transplantation and various pathogenesis are involved in myocardial IR injury. Here, we show that tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 3 (TRAF3) was increased in hearts of mice with cardiac IR injury and in cardiomyocytes incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and H2O2. Reducing TRAF3 expression in vivo markedly reduced the infacrted area, attenuated the histological changes, improved cardiac dysfunction and injury in mice subjected to IR injury. Functional study further indicated that TRAF3 knockdown inhibited apoptosis in murine hearts of mice with cardiac IR injury and in LPS and H2O2-cotreated cardiomyocytes, as evidenced by the decreased expression of cleaved Caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP). In addition, inflammatory response and oxidative stress observed in hearts of mice with IR operation were significantly alleviated by TRAF3 knockdown through inhibiting nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) and xanthine oxidase (XO) signaling pathways, and similar results were detected in LPS and H2O2-cotreated cardiomyocytes in vitro. Moreover, the loss of TRAF3 also restrained the phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (INK) activation following cardiac IR injury. Importantly, blocking JNK activation, as TRAF3 knockdown, greatly reduced apoptosis, inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in LPS and H2O2-cotreated cardiomyocytes. In contrast, TRAF3 knockdown-reduced apoptosis, inflammatory response and oxidative stress were significantly rescued by promoting JNK activity in LPS and H2O2-cotreated cardiomyocytes. In summary, the results of our study indicated that repressing TRAF3 expression could be served as essential therapeutic target for protection against cardiac IR injury through restraining INK-meditated apoptosis, inflammation and the production of ROS. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.