Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.506, No.1, 204-210, 2018
The role of retinol-binding protein 4 and its relationship with sex hormones in coronary artery disease
The role of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with different sexes has not been clearly established. Sex hormones, especially testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2), have been considered to play an important role in CAD. This study aimed to investigate the role of RBP4 and the possible association between RBP4 and T and E2 in CAD. The study included 658 individuals who underwent coronary angiography (CAG); they were assigned to CAD group (n = 440) and controls (n = 218). CAD group was subdivided into three subgroups. Serum RBP4 and T were assayed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Serum E2 was measured using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. For men, RBP4 levels were lower in CAD group, especially those with acute myocardial infarction, than in controls (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively). For women, no significant difference was found in RBP4 levels between both groups. RBP4 was positively correlated with T in male patients with CAD (r = 0.124, P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that RBP4 was a protective factor for CAD (odds ratio 0.975, 95% confidence interval 0.958-0.993; P = 0.007). In conclusion, RBP4 levels were significantly decreased and positively related with T in men with CAD. Higher RBP4 levels were associated with lower risk of CAD. RBP4 may play a potential protective role for CAD among men. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.