Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.1, 263-269, 2019
Staphylococcal alpha-hemolysin does not induce cell damage in murine mast cells but it augments the degranulation induced by Fc epsilon RI cross-linking and ionomycin
Staphylococcal alpha-hemolysin (Hla) is a principal small beta-barrel pore forming toxin. It targets a variety of mammalian cells including immune cells; however little is known about its effects on mast cells. In this study, we examined whether Hla affects the degranulation of mast cells. Although Hla bound to the surface of bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) and formed SDS-stable oligomers on the cells, Hla alone induced neither cytotoxicity nor obvious release of a granule enzyme, beta-hexosaminidase. However, Hla more than doubled the releases of beta-hexosaminidase from BMMCs induced by Fc epsilon RI cross-linking or treatment with ionomycin. The augmentation of the enzyme release by rHla was impaired in the presence of 130 mM of extracellular KCl. The mutants of Hla that lacked pore-formation did not augment the release of the enzyme. These findings demonstrate that Hla is able to enhance the degranulation of mast cells induced by Fc epsilon RI cross-linking and ionomycin, although it alone does not induce the degranulation, and the pore-formation of Hla followed by potassium efflux is involved in the augmentation. These findings propose a previously unrecognized role for Hla in S. aureus-associated allergic and inflammatory processes via augmentation of mast cell responses. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.