Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.1, 225-229, 2019
Pravastatin sodium attenuated TREM-1-mediated inflammation in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells
Pravastatin sodium on triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-1 (TREM-1)-mediated inflammation in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) has been poorly investigated. In this study, we isolated PBMCs from the peripheral blood samples of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, treated the cells with pravastatin sodium, and determined a concentration at which more than 90% cells could survive. Then we treated cells with 10 ng/ml of lipopolysaccharide, added with 10, 50, 100 mu M of pravastatin sodium combined with or without LR-12, a known TREM-1 inhibitor. The expression of TREM-1 was determined by quantitative RT-PCR. The levels of TREM-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha in cell culture supernatant were measured with ELISA. Simultaneously, NF-kappa B signaling pathway-related protein p-p65 and p-I kappa B alpha were detected by Western blot assay. Results demonstrated that pravastatin sodium significantly mitigated lipopolysaccharide-stimulated TREM-1 over-expression at mRNA and protein levels dose-dependently. Elevated IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels changed synchronously. LR-12 inhibited the TREM-1 over-expression and inflammatory factor production but did not show extra synergistic effect to pravastatin. Lipopolysaccharide induced phospho-p65 and -I kappa B alpha over-expression was weakened significantly when cells were treated with pravastatin sodium. In conclusion, pravastatin could inhibit TREM-1-medieted inflammation and NF-kappa B signaling pathway was involved. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.