Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.1, 217-224, 2019
Long noncoding RNA ANRIL contributes to the development of ulcerative colitis by miR-323b-5p/TLR4/MyD88/NF-kappa B pathway
The aim of this study was to investigate the role and possible mechanism of long noncoding RNA ANRIL in the development of ulcerative colitis (UC). The expression of ANRIL in colonic mucosa tissues collected from the sigmoid colon of UC patients and healthy control was determined. Subsequently, fetal human cells (FHCs) were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to stimulate UC-caused inflammatory injury, followed by detection of the effects of suppression of ANRIL on cell viability, apoptosis and cytokines production in LPS-stimulated FHCs. Moreover, the regulatory relationship between ANRIL and miR-323b-5p as well as the target relationship between miR-323b-5p and TLR4 were investigated. Furthermore, the effects of ANRIL/miR-323b-5p axis on the activation of TLR4/MyD88/NF-kappa B pathway in LPS-stimulated FHCs were investigated. LncRNA ANRIL was highly expressed in colonic mucosa tissues of UC patients. In addition, LPS markedly induced cell injury in FHC cells (inhibited cell viability and promoted cell apoptosis and cytokine production). Suppression of ANRIL alleviated LPS-induced injury in FHC cells, which was achieved by negatively regulating miR-323b-5p. Moreover, miR-323b-5p negatively regulated TLR4 expression and TLR4 was a target of miR-323b-5p. Knockdown of TLR4 reversed the effects of miR-323b-5p suppression on LPS-induced injury in LPS-stimulated FHCs. Furthermore, the effects of ANRIL on LPS-induced cell injury were achieved by TLR4/MyD88/NF-kappa B pathway. Our data indicate that suppression of ANRIL may inhibit the development of UC by regulating miR-323b-5p/TLR4/MyD88/NF-kappa B pathway. ANRIL/miR-323b-5p/TLR4/MyD88/NF-kappa B pathway may provide a new strategy for UC therapy. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.