Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.1, 169-176, 2019
Requirement of Rab21 in LPS-induced TLR4 signaling and pro-inflammatory responses in macrophages and monocytes
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces macrophage/monocyte activation and pro-inflammatory cytokines production by activating Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) signaling. Rab GTPase 21 (Rab21) is a member of the Rab GTPase subfamily. In the present study, we show that LPS induced TLR4 and Rab21 association and endosomal translocation in murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) and primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In BMDMs, shRNA-mediated stable knockdown of Rab21 inhibited LPS-induced expression and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha). Conversely, forced overexpression of Rab21 by an adenovirus construct potentiated LPS-induced IL-beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha production in BMDMs. Further studies show that LPS-induced TLR4 endosomal traffic and downstream c-Jun and NF kappa B (nuclear factor-kappa B) activation were significantly inhibited by Rab21 shRNA, but intensified with Rab21 overexpression in BMDMs. Finally, in the primary human PBMCs, siRNA-induced knockdown of Rab21 significantly inhibited LPS-induced IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha production. Taken together, we suggest that Rab21 regulates LPS-induced pro-inflammatory responses by promoting TLR4 endosomal traffic and downstream signaling activation. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.