Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.1, 60-65, 2019
Rab11-FIP2 suppressed tumor growth via regulation of PGK1 ubiquitination in non-small cell lung cancer
Mounting evidence has shown that the Rab11-FIP2 has critical roles in cancer cell growth. However, the clinical significance of Rab11-FIP2 in Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains to be fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the expression of Rab11-FIP2 using immunohistochemistry in 150 patients with NSCLC. We found that its expression level in NSCLC was much lower than that in the corresponding adjacent normal tissues. The DNA methylation data revealed that Rab11-FIP2 were significantly hyper-methylated in NSCLC. The methylation level in the gene body was negatively correlated with the expression level of Rab11-FIP2 in NSCLC. Furthermore, enforced expression of Rab11-FIP2 dramatically reduced cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis, indicating a tumor suppressor role of PGK1 in NSCLC progression. Mechanistic investigations showed that Rab11-FIP2 interacted with the glycolytic kinase PGK1 and promoted its ubiquitination in NSCLC cells, leading to inactivation of the oncogenic AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Overall, our data indicate that reduced expression of Rab11-FIP2 by DNA hyper-methylation plays an important role in NSCLC tumor growth. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.