Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.1, 31-36, 2019
Overexpression of sialidase NEU3 increases the cellular radioresistance potential of U87MG glioblastoma cells
The plasma membrane-associated sialidase NEU3 is known to play important roles in different physiological and pathophysiological processes such as proliferation, cellular differentiation and tumorigenesis. Up-regulation of NEU3 has been associated to several tumors and recently it was demonstrated that its down-modulation in glioblastoma cells promotes cell invasiveness. To date, no information concerning the possible role played by NEU3 in relation to tumor radioresistance is available. Here we show that overexpression of NEU3 in glioblastoma U87MG cells activates PI3K/Akt signaling pathway resulting in an increased radioresistance capacity and in an improved efficiency of double strand DNA-repair mechanisms after irradiation. Our results demonstrate for the first time that NEU3 contributes to the radioresistance features of U87MG cells, bringing to evidence a novel rand peculiar role of the enzyme in cancer biology. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.