Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.2, 576-582, 2019
Histone demethylase KDM3B regulates the transcriptional network of cell-cycle genes in hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer and the third most lethal cancer worldwide. Although gene mutations associated with HCC development have been intensively studied, how epigenetic factors specifically modulate the functional properties of HCC by regulating target gene expression is unclear. Here we demonstrated the overexpression of KDM3B in liver tissue of HCC patients using public RNA-seq data. Ablation of KDM3B by CRISPR/Cas9 retarded the cell cycle and proliferation of hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. Approximately 30% of KDM3B knockout cells exhibited mitotic spindle multipolarity as a chromosome instability (CIN) phenotype. RNA-seq analysis of KDM3B knockout revealed significantly down-regulated expression of cell cycle related genes, especially cell proliferation factor CDCI23. Furthermore, the expression level of Cyclin D1 was reduced in KDM3B knockout by proteosomal degradation without any change in the expression of CCND1, which encodes Cyclin D1. The results implicate KDM3B as a crucial epigenetic factor in cell cycle regulation that manipulates chromatin dynamics and transcription in HCC, and identifies a potential gene therapy target for effective treatment of HCC. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.