Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.2, 563-569, 2019
Integrative lipidomic and transcriptomic analysis of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy reveals distinct lipidome signatures between adrenomyeloneuropathy and childhood cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy
Precise pathophysiology with respect to the phenotypic variations and severity of X-ALD, specifically between adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) and childhood cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (CCALD), has not been fully discovered. Herein, a systematic analysis using multi-layered lipidomics and transcriptomics was conducted to elucidate distinctive metabolic biosignatures among healthy control, AMN, and CCALD. Significant alterations regarding the accumulation of very long chain fatty acids were found in various lipid species such as phospholipids, glycerolipids, and sphingolipids. Remarkably, TG and CER that are physiologically essential were markedly down-regulated in CCALD than AMN. Transcriptomic analysis further supported the robustness of our findings by providing valuable information on the gene expressions of the regulatory factors. For instance, regulators of sphingolipid catabolism (SMPD1, CERK, and SPHK1) and TG anabolism (GPAM, GPAT2, and MBOAT2) were more up-regulated in AMN than in CCALD. These observations, among others, were in line with the recognized alterations of the associated lipidomes. In conclusion, the homeostatic imbalance of the complex lipid networks may be pathogenically important in X-ALD and the particular dysregulations of TG and CER may further influence the severity of CCALD among X-ALD patients. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.