Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.4, 1215-1220, 2019
Chemical-induced formation of BZ-junction with base extrusion
The crystal structure of BZ junction reveals that left-handed Z-DNA stabilized by Z-DNA binding domain (Z alpha) is continuously stacked to right-handed B-DNA with AT bases' extrusion in the junction site. However, this structure might not fully represent the BZ-junction in solution due to the possibility of the junction formation either by crystal packing or Z alpha interaction. Therefore, we investigated BZ-junction in solution with chemical Z-DNA inducers using CD and 2-aminopurine base-extrusion assay. We confirmed the formation of Z-DNA and BZ-junction with base-extrusion by chemical Z-DNA inducers. However, neither typical Z-DNA nor base-extrusion could be detected with some inducers such as spermine, suggesting that the energy barrier for the formation of the BZ junction might vary depending on the Z-DNA induction conditions. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.