Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.508, No.4, 1182-1187, 2019
Chronic social defeat stress-induced enhancement of T-type calcium channels increases burst-firing neurons in the ventral subiculum
The ventral subiculum (vSub), a representative output structure of the hippocampus, serves as a main limbic region in mediating the brain's response to stress. There are three subtypes of subicular pyramidal neurons based on their firing patterns: regular-spiking (RS), weak-bursting (WB) and strong-bursting (SB) neurons, located differently along proximal-distal axis. Here, we found that chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) in mice increased the population of SB neurons but decreased RS neurons in the proximal vSub. Specific blockers of T-type calcium channels inhibited the burst firings with a concomitant reduction of afterdepolarization, suggesting that T-type calcium channels underlie the burst-spiking activity. Consistently, CSDS increased both T-type calcium currents and expression of Cav3.1 proteins, a subtype of T-type calcium channels, in the proximal vSub. Therefore, we conclude that CSDS-induced enhancement of Cav3.1 expression increased bursting neuronal population in the vSub, which may contribute to stress-related behaviors. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.