Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.509, No.2, 384-389, 2019
A developmentally regulated spliced variant of PTBP1 is upregulated in type 1 diabetic hearts
Alternative splicing (AS) is dysregulated in Type 1 diabetic (T1D) hearts but mechanisms responsible are unclear. Here, we provide evidence that the RNA binding protein (RBP) PIBP1 is modulated in adult T1D hearts contributing to AS changes. We show that a spliced variant of PTBP1 that is highly expressed in normal newborn mouse hearts is aberrantly expressed in adult T1D mouse hearts. Comparing known PTBP1-target datasets to our T1D mouse transcriptome datasets, we discovered a group of genes with PTBP1 binding sites in their pre-mRNAs that are differentially spliced in T1D mouse hearts. We demonstrated that inducible expression of diabetes-induced PTBP1 spliced variant has less repressive splicing function. Notably, PTBP1 regulates AS of some of its targets antagonistically to RBFOX2. In sum, our results indicate that diabetic conditions disrupt developmental regulation of PTBP1 leading to differential AS of PTBP1 target genes. Identification of PTBP1 and PTBP1-regulated RNA networks can provide RNA-based therapies for the treatment of diabetes cardiac complications. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.