Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.509, No.3, 647-656, 2019
MiR-141-3p functions as a tumor suppressor through directly targeting ZFR in non-small cell lung cancer
MicroRNAs are important regulators in the development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MiR-141-3p has been reported to function as a suppressor or oncogene in several tumors, but the clinical significance and crucial biological functions of miR-141-3p in NSCLC remains largely unclear. In this study, expression levels of miR-141-3p in tissue samples were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression assay were performed to evaluate the prognostic value of miR-141-3p. Cell experiments, including CCK-8, colony formation and transwell assays were carried out to explore its functional role. Luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm its target gene. The results showed that miR-141-3p was significantly down-regulated in NSCLC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. The decreased miR-141-3p expression was associated with advanced TNM stage and lymph-node metastasis. Patients with low miR-141-3p expression had poor overall survival compared with those with high expression. Down-regulation of miR-141-3p was demonstrated to be an independent prognostic factor for NSCLC. Moreover, ZFR was confirmed as a target gene of miR-141-3p. Meta-analysis based on Oncomine database showed ZFR was significantly up regulated in human NSCLC tissues. The in vitro experiments showed that restoration of ZFR rescued the miR-141-3p-mediated inhibitory effects on cell proliferation, migration and invasion in NSCLC cells. In conclusions, miR-141-3p might be a prognostic tumor suppressor involved in the NSCLC progression. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.