Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.510, No.1, 13-19, 2019
Surface display of organophosphorus-degrading enzymes on the recombinant spore of Bacillus subtilis
Organophosphorus-degrading enzymes show high hydrolysis efficiency and provide an environmentally friendly solution to the pollution of organophosphorus compound. However, poor enzyme stability and tedious purification process have limited practical applications. Spore-based display system can provide many advantages, such as safety, low cost, easy preparation and high resistance to harsh conditions. Recently, we have constituted the recombinant spore displaying organophosphorus hydrolase and organophosphorus acid anhydrolase. In the spore display systems, recombinant spores could be reliably produced and normal sporulation was not affected; the activities of recombinant spores were 15.81 and 10.67 U/mg spores (dry weight) respectively; furthermore, the recombinant spores exhibited significantly enhanced resistance to various harsh conditions compared to free-form enzymes. These results indicated that the spore display could contribute to the practical application of organophosphorus-degrading enzymes and provide a promising solution to bioremediation of organophosphorus compounds. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.