Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.510, No.3, 352-357, 2019
MiR-155 expressed in bone marrow-derived lymphocytes promoted lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury through Ang-2-Tie-2 pathway
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a type of diffuse lung inflammation with a high mortality rate. Studies show that miR-155 plays an important role in inflammation. Here, we investigated the role of miR-155 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. The mice with bone marrow transplantation between MiR-155 knockout and wild-type were used as animal models of LPS-induced sepsis. In response to LPS injection, ALI was less severe in miR-155 knockout mice than in wild-type mice, and mainly manifested as reduced pulmonary vascular leakage, pulmonary edema, and neutrophil infiltration. The expression levels of Ang-2 and apoptosis-associated caspases-3 and -9, as well as myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation in the lungs were also decreased. A bone marrow transplantation experiment showed that miR-155 expressed in bone marrow-derived lymphocytes rather than lung parenchymal lymphocytes promoted inflammation. Findings suggest that miR-155 expressed in bone marrow-derived lymphocytes promoted LPS-induced ALI through the modulation of the Ang-2-Tie-2 pathway. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc.